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    How to Write an SOP (Statement of Purpose): A beginner’s guide

    Apr 30,2024

    SOP (statement of purpose)

    Writing a Statement of Purpose (SOP) is an interesting yet challenging task, as it plays a crucial role in determining your career prospects abroad. While crafting an SOP can be daunting, there’s no need to worry. I am confident that after reading this blog, you will be able to unravel the secrets of writing a compelling SOP. To apply for graduate school, it’s important to understand what a Statement of Purpose (SOP) is.

    What is a Statement of Purpose (SOP)?

    SOP stands for Statement of Purpose, and it’s a document that admission officers use to determine if you are a good fit for their program. The Statement of Purpose (SOP) should outline your academic and career goals concerning the specific program you are applying to.

    Why SOP is Important?

    The Statement of Purpose (SOP) is a crucial component of your application for any academic program. It serves as a bridge between your past experiences and future goals, showcasing your professional and academic background, career aspirations, and reasons for choosing the particular program at the university. In essence, the Statement of Purpose (SOP) is an opportunity for you to explain how the program aligns with your plans and how you intend to make the most of the opportunities it presents. All in all, Statement of Purpose (SOP) is more inclined towards an academic career journey.

    Also Read: SOP for Canada Student Visa

    Let’s Understand the 6P’s of Statement of Purpose (SOP) Writing

    6P’s of Statement of Purpose (SOP)

    6P’s of Statement of Purpose (SOP) writing are:

    1. Purpose of writing

    2. Past Experience

    3. Program

    4. Personality

    5. Plain English

    6. Process

    Let us understand each one by one.

    [1] Purpose of Writing:

    While writing a Statement of Purpose (SOP), it is understood which aspects have to be included. Below are a few questions that you need to address in your SOP.

    • To ensure that your SOP for graduate studies stands out, it’s essential to articulate your goals and interests clearly. To help you with it, I have some useful tips that you can follow.
    • Explain why you are interested in pursuing graduate studies.
    • Talk about your research interests if you’re applying for a research-based program.
    • For professional programs, mention the skills and knowledge you hope to gain.
    • Lastly, share your post-graduation plans, such as a job, startup, research, or academia.

    [2] Past Experience:

    You should mention your relevant past experience that can be correlated with the course. When writing about such an experience, consider addressing a few things:

    • Can you please provide some information about your previous experience? Specifically, what type of experience do you have, and how much of it?
    • Additionally, could you tell me what skills you are looking to gain from this program and explain how your past experience is relevant to this program?
    • It would be helpful if you could share some concrete examples of your work, such as a published paper, project work related to your desired field, or experience working with a mentor.

    [3] Program:

    This is the crux of Statement of Purpose (SOP) writing as it involves your country’s choice and why that country particularly. Please consider the following things when writing the process:

    • If you are applying to study in Canada, Australia, or Germany (except the USA), please explain why you have chosen that country. If you are applying to study in the USA, you can skip this question.
    • Why do you wish to attend that specific college? Please ensure that you use appropriate vocabulary as you respond.
    • Use appropriate terminology to demonstrate your knowledge of the college and convey your genuine interest in attending.
    • How does your work connect with the program?
    • How satisfied are you with the program in terms of meeting your needs and interests?
    • What are your expectations from the program?
    • Explain how you intend to contribute to the program.
    • Do you approve of the research methodology?
    • Is there any aspect of the curriculum that you find appealing?
    • Are there any professors you would like to work with? If so, you may consider contacting them beforehand and requesting their endorsement of your SOP.

    [4] Personality:

    The key to writing a strong SOP is to begin it uniquely. Consider starting with a quote, anecdote, or experience. Here are some tips for infusing your personality into your writing:

    • Express your sincere interest and enthusiasm for the field of research or study that you are applying for.
    • Share what motivated you intrinsically to excel academically or professionally.
    • Demonstrate your curiosity in exploring new ideas, perspectives, and approaches.
    • Emphasize your ability to work efficiently in teams and collaborate with others.
    • Make sure that your discussion of personality traits is directly relevant to your academic and professional goals, and explain how these qualities will contribute to your program in the future.

    [5] Plain English:

    You don’t have to unnecessarily decorate your SOP with such fancy vocabularies or thesaurus. It can be simple yet well-oriented.

    • SOP needs to be clear, effective, and logical.
    • It should be simple, with appropriate word choice, but at the same time, it should be easy to understand.
    • The hallmarks here are authenticity, uniqueness, and genuineness.

    [6] Process:

    It’s important to understand that a perfect result is achieved through a proper process.

    • When creating a SOP, it is recommended to start writing it early to avoid any last-minute rush.
    • You may read various sample SOPs for reference, but it is important to never copy any content from someone else’s SOP.
    • Always ensure that you follow a clear direction while writing and the most crucial thing is to proofread and seek feedback from different people before finalizing the SOP. And coming to the end of this blog, I would like to share a few don’t of SOP writing.
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    Don’t – Common Mistakes to Avoid in SOP

    • Do not overuse “I”
    • Do not use slang like “can’t, won’t, etc.”
    • Do not assume they know the full forms of those acronyms.
    • Never exceed the word limit.
    • Keep your personal information limited
    Note: You may consider giving examples related to job titles, salary scales, comparisons between various educational institutions and countries, and other similar information if it is required.

    Statement of Purpose (SOP) Format For Australia, the UK, the USA, Canada and New Zealand

    SOP Format For Australia, the UK, the USA, Canada and New Zealand

    Also Read: SOP for UK Student Visa

    Information to Include in SOP (Statement of Purpose)


    • Full name as mentioned in the passport
    • Date of birth
    • Passport number
    • Description of your interest in your domain, the university, and the course which you have chosen, and the intake you are going to target

    Family Background:

    Cover basic details such as the working profession of all the family members, and their role in the house. Overall, how the family is supporting.

    Education background:

    • Mention all the academic details starting from SSC till the last education.
    • Internship details
    • Project activities
    • Extracurricular activities

    English language test:

    • Describe why language learning is important. Our confidence in our language skills. Result of the English proficiency examination that we have given,

    Reason for choosing the course:

    • In the learning stage, what did you learn that you can relate to the course you have chosen and why you want to learn that particular course provides a firm explanation with reasoning.
    • If work done in an internship is somewhere related to the course which you have chosen then also clarify that part.
    • The benefit of the course for your career.
    • How you can contribute to the field.
    • Subjects and credit points which you will learn and specialty.

    Professional prospects:

    Your goal in your field. The companies and the designations on which you want to work. Job prospects in your country.

    Reasons for choosing country

    • Educational perspective
    • The prospect of course in the xxxxxxxxxxx (Country)
    • An advantage which the xxxxxxxxxxxx(Country) offers in the chosen course compared to other countries.

    Reasons for not choosing home country.

    • Advantages, and disadvantages of studying in India

    Reasons for not choosing other countries

    • Advantages, and disadvantages of studying in other countries, like the USA, Canada, and Australia

    Reasons for choosing a particular university:

    • Ranking of the university, reputation of the university, benefits which the course offers
    • Number of campuses, all the amenities
    • Facilities for the course which you have chosen
    • Subjects and specialty of the course
    • Comparison with other available university options
    • Reason for choosing a particular campus {write if options in campuses are available}

    Upcoming career plan/ Goal or Future prospects:

    • Name of the company
    • Designation to expect
    • Initial salary package, and projected remuneration
    • The employment job portals to apply
    • Short-term goal vs long-term goal

    Return intension:

    • Why India is best to stay and progress
    • India, and upcoming future projects with the strongest employment possibilities
    • Parents/ Properties

    I hope this blog serves as a useful reference when writing an SOP.

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      Written By

      Himani Dave

      Himani Dave is an IELTS and PTE tutor with over three years of experience. She is a Cambridge and Pearson IT-certified tutor and has helped hundreds of students ace the exams and achieve their dream scores. With her friendly and approachable teaching style and a knack for making even the most difficult concepts easy to grasp, she is a rockstar among peers and students.


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